Generic Name: albuterol inhalation (al byoo ter all brand Names: Accuneb, ProAir HFA, Proventil, Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA. Medically reviewed on July 12, 2017. What is Ventolin HFA? Ventolin (albuterol) is a bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways and increases can you buy ventolin over the counter in australia air flow to the lungs. Ventolin HFA is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm in people with reversible obstructive airway disease. Albuterol inhalation is also used to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm. Ventolin HFA may also be used for purposes not how does ventolin work listed in this medication guide. Important information, it is important to keep Ventolin on hand at all times. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of how does ventolin work medicine completely. Keep using all of your other medications as prescribed by your doctor. Talk with your doctor if any how does ventolin work of your asthma medications do not seem to work as well in treating or preventing attacks. If it seems like you need to use more of any of your medications in a 24-hour period, talk with your doctor. An increased is ventolin hfa can you buy ventolin over the counter in australia a rescue inhaler need for medication could be an early sign of a serious asthma attack. Seek emergency medical is ventolin hfa a rescue inhaler attention or call the Poison Help how does ventolin work line. An overdose of albuterol can be fatal. Extreme heat can cause the Ventolin HFA canister to burst. Do not store your inhaler in your car on hot days. Do not throw an empty canister into open flame. Before using Ventolin, you should not use this Ventolin if you are allergic to albuterol. To make sure you can safely use Ventolin, tell is ventolin hfa a rescue inhaler your doctor if you have any of these other conditions: heart disease, high blood pressure, or congestive heart failure; a heart rhythm disorder; a seizure disorder such as epilepsy; diabetes; or overactive thyroid. FDA pregnancy category. It is not known whether Ventolin will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while is ventolin hfa a rescue inhaler using Ventolin. It is not known whether albuterol passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are using albuterol. A Ventolin HFA inhaler should not be given to a child younger than 4 years old. See also: Pregnancy and breastfeeding warnings (in more detail). How how does ventolin work should I use Ventolin? Use Ventolin exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.
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Ventolin while pregnant
Is Albuterol safe during pregnancy? This is a common question for women who take albuterol and ventolin while pregnant discover they are pregnant. Albuterol is used to treat bronchospasms. . It is important to talk with your healthcare provider before you start or stop using albuterol during pregnancy and whether the benefits outweigh any risks. Brand names: Albuterol, AccuNeb, Combivent, Combivent Respimat, Duoneb, ProAir HFA, Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA, VoSpire ER, Xopenex HFA. Manufacturer: Bausch Lomb, Dey, Mutual, Mylan, Boehringer Ingelheim, Merck, GlaxoSmithKline, Dava, Sunovion, Teva. Therapeutic Effect: Reduces airway resistance and relieves bronchospasm. Pregnancy Safety Rating: Category C; do not use while nursing. Pregnancy Recommendation: Compatible, side Effects: Below are some side effects that may be experienced when using albuterol during pregnancy. Frequent: Nausea (15 restlessness, nervousness, tremors (20 dizziness (less than 7 headache (27 blood pressure changes, including hypertension (5-3 throat dryness and irritation, pharyngitis (less than 6 heartburn, transient wheezing (less than 5). Occasional (3-2 Asthenia, insomnia, altered taste. Inhalation: Dry, irritated mouth or throat; bronchial irritation, cough. Rare: Diarrhea, dry mouth, drowsiness, flushing, anorexia, diaphoresis. Pregnancy/Lactation Considerations: This medication appears to cross the placenta. It is unknown if albuterol is distributed in breast milk, and it may hinder uterine contractibility. Pregnancy Summaries: The following summaries are cited directly from the sources of Briggs, Freeman, Yaffe and the Reprotox Toxicology Center. Briggs, Freeman, Yaffe, albuterol (salbutamol) has not caused structural anomalies, but there is evidence of an association with functional and neurobehavioral toxicity with prolonged use. Similar to other -mimetics, the drug can cause maternal and fetal tachycardia and hyperglycemia. Nevertheless, the drug should not be withheld because of pregnancy, but excessive use should be avoided. If albuterol is used in pregnancy for the treatment of asthma, health care professionals are encouraged to call the toll-free number ( ) for information about patient enrollment in an Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (otis) study. Reprotox Toxicology Center, albuterol can interfere with embryo development in mice but not rats or rabbits. Two epidemiology studies have suggested an increase in specific birth defects associated with albuterol use in early pregnancy, but the defects were different in the two studies, and the findings may have been due to chance. Albuterol (salbutamol; Proventil; Ventolin; Airet; Volmax) is a beta-sympathomimetic used in the treatment of asthma. This agent has also been used to inhibit preterm labor. Based on available safety studies, a 2004 NIH report on the treatment of asthma during pregnancy recommended albuterol 1015) as the preferred beta-agonist (34). The R-enantiomer is called levalbuterol and is marketed as Xopenex for the treatment of asthma. In preliminary reports, various teratogenic effects, including cleft palate, were found when albuterol was administered to pregnant mice, but similar effects were not found in rats or rabbits (1,25). No abnormalities were found in the offspring of three women who received albuterol continuously beginning early in the second trimester (2-4). In a study on 259 pregnant asthmatics who used inhaled beta sympathomimetics, 180 of whom used these agents during the first trimester, there was no increase in congenital anomalies or adverse perinatal outcome attributable to the therapy (5). Most of these women used metaproterenol 1132 although isoetharine 2062 epinephrine 1083 isoproterenol 1888 and albuterol were also used. The Swedish Medical Birth Registry reported an association between albuterol use during pregnancy and cardiac defects in the offspring with an adjusted relative risk.38 (95 confidence interval.12-1.70) (35). The large number of comparisons in this study raise the possibility that the albuterol-related finding was a chance association. The National Birth Defects Prevention Study presented a case-control study of facial clefts that showed an association with early pregnancy used of albuterol (36). The odds ratio for isolated cleft lip was.79 (95.07-2.99) based on 18 exposed cases and the odds ratio for isolated cleft palate was.65 (95.06-2.58) based on 25 exposed cases. There was no significant association between albuterol use and cleft lip with cleft palate. The authors indicated that their findings may have been due to the medication, the underlying asthma, or to chance. There is a experience with the use of albuterol as a tocolytic agent in late pregnancy (6-15,26,37). Typically, albuterol will increase maternal cyclic-AMP, glycogenolysis, lipolysis, and insulin levels, but will decrease serum potassium levels (7,12-14). Effects on the circulatory system include an increase in heart rate and a drop in blood pressure (7,8,10). Although these effects are more prominent in the mother, the fetus may show similar responses (28). By contrast, inhaled albuterol at recommended doses did not appear to affect maternal blood pressure, heart rate, or Doppler flow velocity studies of the uterine and fetal central circulation (23). The placental transfer of albuterol has been demonstrated in an in vitro system using perfused term human placentas (16). In contrast to the available reports on intravenously administered albuterol, some clinical studies have found no significant increase in the length of gestation associated with the chronic oral administration of albuterol (15,17).
What is ventolin
What is Ventolin used for? Ventolin accuhaler, evohaler, nebules, respirator solution, syrup and injection all contain salbutamol, which is a medicine used to open up the what is ventolin airways and make breathing easier in people with breathing problems including: asthma. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd). Advertisement - Continue Reading Below, how does Ventolin work? Ventolin products all contain the active ingredient salbutamol, which is a type of medicine known as a short-acting beta 2 agonist. Salbutamol what is ventolin inhalers, tablets, liquid and nebules are also available without a brand name, ie as the generic medicine. Salbutamol works by stimulating receptors in the lungs called beta 2 receptors. This causes the muscles in the airways to relax and allows the airways to open. In conditions like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd, eg emphysema and chronic bronchitis the airways become narrowed and it's difficult for air to get in and out of the lungs. By opening the airways, salbutamol makes it easier to breathe. How is Ventolin taken? Salbutamol is most commonly taken using an inhaler device. Inhaling the medicine allows it to act directly in the lungs where it is needed most. It also reduces the potential for side effects occurring in other parts of the body, as the amount absorbed into the blood through the lungs is lower than if the medicine is taken by mouth. Salbutamol inhalers are blue and known as 'relievers'. This is because when salbutamol is breathed into the lungs it works very quickly to relieve asthma attacks, wheezing, coughing, chest tightness or shortness of breath. Salbutamol inhalers can also be used shortly before exercising or exposure to allergens (things that trigger wheezing, such as pet fur or pollen) to open the airways and prevent wheezing. Its effects last for three to five hours after inhaling a dose. You should follow the instructions given by your doctor regarding when to use your salbutamol inhaler and how many puffs you can use each day. Don't exceed the prescribed dose. It's very important to learn how to use your inhaler correctly, as otherwise you won't be breathing the right dose of medicine into your lungs. Instructions will be provided with your inhaler. However, your doctor, nurse or pharmacist can also show you how to use your inhaler and can check that you are using it correctly. Ventolin evohaler is a metered dose inhaler (sometimes called an MDI or aerosol inhaler) that delivers the medicine as a fine spray or mist. With this inhaler you co-ordinate pressing down the canister and breathing in the spray. Ventolin evohaler can also be used with a spacer device such as a Volumatic. Ventolin accuhaler is a dry powder inhaler. It comes pre-loaded with blisters containing individual doses of the medicine as a powder. To take a dose you have to slide the lever on the inhaler. This opens a blister inside the inhaler, making a dose ready for you to inhale. You then breathe out fully, put the mouthpiece to your lips and breathe in steadily and deeply through your mouth. More detailed instructions are provided with the accuhaler. youtube, advertisement - Continue Reading Below. Salbutamol tablets or syrup are sometimes prescribed for people who can't use inhalers very well. As these don't start to work very quickly, oral forms of salbutamol must be taken regularly to help keep the airways open all the time. Ventolin syrup is usually taken three or four times a day. Follow the instructions given by your doctor regarding the dose and how often to take. The syrup can be taken either with or without food. If you forget to take a dose take it as soon as you remember, unless it is nearly time for your next dose. In this case, just leave out the missed dose and take your next dose as usual. Don't take a double dose to make up for a missed dose. Nebuliser or respirator solutions of salbutamol are used to treat acute asthma attacks in hospital. A nebuliser is a machine that converts the liquid medicine inside the nebules into particles that can be inhaled. It is used to deliver higher doses of the medicine than a standard inhaler. People with severe asthma or copd who have been shown to benefit from regular use of high doses of salbutamol are sometimes prescribed nebules to be used in a nebuliser at home. Salbutamol may also be given by injection or infusion (drip) in hospital to treat severe asthma or breathing problems.